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Variation in Spoken Teochew

As with other languages, there is variation in spoken Teochew, depending on the district it originated.  Below are examples of variation in spoken Teochew.

 

Systematic Variations

English

Romanised Teochew

Variant

 

words ending “n”

words ending “ng”

confused

kon1

kong1

grandfather

kon3

kong3

real

zen3

zeng3

heavy

tan2

tang2

to boil

kun4

kung4

to change/transform

pian5

piang5

 

 

 

 

words ending “en”, “ein” or “in”

light (wt)

khin1

khen1 or khein1

real

zin3

zen3, zein3

top

ten4

tein4

push

len4

lein4

 

 

 

 

words ending “eg”, “eig” or “ig”

seven

chig0

 cheg0 or cheig0

straight

tig1

teg1 or teig1

deer

teg1

teig1

cracked, split

peg0

peig0 or pig0

tired

heg1

heig1

one

 zeg1

 zeig1

younger paternal uncle

 zeg0

 zeig0

 

 

 

 

Words ending “m”

words ending “n”

blue, south

nam1

lan1

maternal uncle's wife

kim2

kin2

gold

kim3

kin3

younger paternal uncle’s wife

sim4

sin4

to lock up

kim5

kin5

 

 

 

 

words ending “oi”

Words ending “ai”

lotus

noi`1

nai`1

side

poi`1

pai`1

shoulder

koi`3

kai`3

 

 

 

 

words ending “er”

words ending “u”

fish

her1

hu1

pig

ter3

tu3

you

ler4

lu4

go

kher5

khu5

 

 

 

 

words ending “ab”

words ending “ag”

soft

nab0

nag0

to cover

khab0

khag0

reply

tab0

tag0

ten

zab1

zag1

 

 

 

 

words ending “ib”

words ending “ig”

covered and heated/warmed

hib0

hig0

enter

jib1

jig1

 

 

 

 

words ending “iab”

words ending “iag”

numerical coefficient for round piece

liab1

liag1

invitation card

thiab0

thiag0

frequent

ziab1

ziag1

 

 

 

 

words with tone “54”

words with tone “51”

forty =

si54zab1

si51zag1

pour water

to54 zui4

 to51 zui4

don’t eat

mai54 ziad1

mai51 ziad1

 

Other Variations

silver

g`ng1

g`in1

 

(plant) root

kng3

kin3

 

sleep

ngg1

ug1

i`2

lost

m20ki`5

ng20kia`n5

 

change

pi`5

pia`n5

 

gizzard

kern2

kin2

kian2

several pieces

kua42ko5

kui42ko5

 

go round & round

hui`3

hui3

 

don’t need

mian4

men4

min4

beg

kherg0

kheg0

 

near

kern2

kin2

 

Macau

O54mng1

O`54mng1

O51mun1

door

mun1

mng1

 

high

kui`1

kuai`1

 

 

 

 

 

cooked rice

pun0

png0

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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